The name of "Perú" is derived from "Birú", which has the name of a local governor that loved near the San Miguel Golf in Panama during the first half of the XVI century. The Republic of Peru, is a country located on the western side of South America, which territory borders the Pacific Ocean on the west, Ecuador on the northwest, Colombia on the northeast, Brasil on the east, Bolivia on the southeast and Chile on the south. It has a complex geography mainly dominated by the elevations of the Andes and the Pacific currents, which gives it a wide variety of climates and landscapes such as the dessertic coast, the highlands of the Andes or the tropical jungle of the Amazon basin; environments that shape the country as a land rich of natural resources.
Archaeological And Historical Heritage
Peruvian laws prohibit and sanction the sale and export of original pieces of the national cultural heritage. Abstain from buying them. However, if you are interested in taking to your country samples of Peruvian pre-Hispanic or Colonial art, make sure they have the certification of the National Institute of Culture (INC).
It is an area close to the Pacific Ocean, showing the valleys, beautiful beaches, and fertile valleys. There are two very marked seasons: Summer (December to March) with temperatures up to 80.6 ºF; in the winter (May to October) is very humid and cold, with temperatures up to 12 degrees. There are scarce rains in the coast. Fog and drizzle are common in the winter. On the north the sun shines almost all year long and the temperatures get up to 95ºF in the summer.
Dominated by the Andes, with altitudes up to 22204.724409448816 feet above sea level like Huascaran snow capped. This region has a dry and moderate weather, with two very marked seasons: summer (May to October), with sunny days and cold at night and rains – ideal time to visit – and rainy station (December to march). On the highlands you can observe temperature changes between 20 and 2 degrees on the same day.
The rain forest:
It is an area totally covered by tropical plants that belongs to the Peruvian Amazon Region. With a humid weather and tropical, the rain forest has two very marked seasons: summer (from May to October= with sunny days and temperatures of more than 86ºF and rainy season (November to March) with frequent rains that swell the rivers.
Before travelling to Peru
If you are planning to travel to the rain forest, it is advisable to get the vaccine against yellow fever at least ten days in advance. Places in Lima where you can get the vaccines:
Handle to the migration authority the International Boarding pass in the airport o in the migration post on the zone of the border. Keep it because you will need to return it when you leave your country. In the case it gets lost, you will need to pay a penalty equivalent to 12 nuevos soles.
The migration authority will give you a format to declare about the goods subject to taxes. This does not include articles such as personal clothes, laptops and adventure sports gear.
It is totally forbidden to photograph airports, military areas, electric areas and police stations. In some churches and museums pictures and filming are not allowed. Inform yourself beforehand.
Just drink bottled water or previously boiled. Be careful with raw fruits and vegetables Avoid eating outdoors.
In case of high altitude headache is advisable to rest the frist day you arrive to the highlands and eating light meals. You should drink “mate de coca” (coca tea). If you travel to the highlands or the jungle, be sure to take repellent against insects and waterproof clothes.
For medical attention, contact personnel from your hotel or travel agent. If you want to buy an insurance, contact your preferred travel agency.
Important facts about Peru
You can make international and national calls from public phones. The country codes and cities can be found in the majority of public phones.
To make an international call:
00 + country code + city code + phone number.
To make domestic calls:
0 + city code + phone number.
Public phones accept coins and cards that are sold on newsstands and supermarkets. Verify you are getting a card from the company you want.
Information on telephone numbers: dial 103
The main cities in Peru have internet public areas. The average rate per hour is U$1,30.
There are flights and connections from Lima to the different cities in Peru, except Ica, where you can get by land using buses. Always make the reservations in advance.
Airport Taxes (T.U.U.A) are already included in flight tickets and do not need to be paid at the airport prior to boarding. The only exception is at Nazca when doing the overflight of Nazca Lines (approximately US 12.00).
Buses within Peru.
The bus services in Peru covers all destinations, except some places in the rain forest. Ask about the different facilities depending on the fare paid and the service non stop.
Taxis and public transport
It is advisable take taxis from a safe company or those that are authorized by the city hall (in Lima those taxis are painted yellow).
The price needs to be negotiated before getting to the destination. Ask where you are about the fares. It is not a custom to give tips to the drivers.
At the airports it is advisable to hire the taxis authorized by the company.
The city buses (the cheapest choice) have different colours and numbers assigned to specific routes. Most of them have long routes and many times it is uncomfortable. Ask before taking one. Do not take them late at night.
The touristic train service covers the following routes:
Information: Peru Rail
Av Armendariz 397, Miraflores Lima/Tel (01)444-50250/444-5025
Opened from Monday to Friday (8:30am to 6:00pm)
e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
Land tourism in Peru
Always take your driver’s licence, a passport copy and if the vehicle is rented, the rent contract. If you have an international driver’s licence, it can be used for one year, otherwise the one from your country would only be valid for 30 days.
Respect the maximum speed permitted on the roads.
It is totally forbidden to drive drunk. If you do you will undergo a legal process.
If a police officer asks you to stop, do it. He or she should be wearing a uniform and carry an ID (last name shown on the chest). The are not allowed to get into the vehicle.
Consider that your documents and the vehicle ones can not be kept under any circumstance.
If there were an accident or crash, call a police officer. If the vehicle is rented also call the insurance representative. Just wait patiently.
Do not stop if unknown people call you on the road.
Never park on dark places nor leave expensive items visible.
You can go shopping to department stores and street markets and stores that are opened every day (including holidays) between 9:00 and 20:00.
On the streets you can bargain.
Some animal and plant species are protected by law in Peru.
The law in Peru prohibits the transportation and export of many animals, dead or alive without an authorization from INRENA (National Institute of Natural Resources for its initials in Spanish).
They are normally opened from Monday to Friday (9:00 to 18:00). Most banks are opened on Saturdays. There are ATM on the main cities and main avenues from different banks.
It is advisable to change currency in the hotels, banks or stores (opened from 9:30 to 18:00 approximately). On Saturdays, most banks are opened until noon. The money exchange depends on the place. To check the exchange rate visit:
Most cities have a wide variety of night life. If you want to enjoy typical dances and music from Peru, you can visit places called “peñas”. In Lima, discotecs, bars and night clubs are in Miraflores, San Isidro and Barranco. In other cities they are around the main square.
In Peru tipping is variable and depends if you are satisfied according to the service you bring.
Official languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Currency: Nuevo Sol
Time zone: PET (UTC-5)
Electric Power: 220 volts.
Most four and five-star hotels provide 110-volt electric current.