Machu Picchu (quechua Machu Pikchu, “Old Mountain”),is a city built during 1400 and 1500 by Inca Pachacutec, the greatest statesman from Tahuantinsuyo (Inka Empire Era in Peru). It has two big areas, the agriculture formed mainly by gardens and food storage and the other is urban, where you can see the sacred area with temples, squares and royal tombs.
It is one of the most important architectonic and archaeological jewels, found intact in 1911 by Hiram Bingham. It was declared Cultural Patrimony of Humanity by UNESCO in 1983, it is the touristic destiny most important in Peru and one of the most important archaeological centers in South America.
The most important constructions are.